Crushed red pepper is a condiment or spice, consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red peppers.
This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars.
The village of Bukovo is often credited with the creation of crushed red pepper. The name of the village—or a derivative of it—is now used as a name for crushed red pepper in general in a number of languages.
Crushed red pepper shakers have become a standard on tables at Mediterranean restaurants—and especially pizza parlors—around the world. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which are popularly believed to contain the most spice. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage.