Pepper cubeba, the dried ripe berries commonly known as Cubeb Pepper, has been used in traditional medicines for various disorders like urogenital diseases, gonorrhea, dysentery, syphilis, abdominal pain, diarrhea, enteritis and asthma. It is a member of the piper family, cousin to piper longum and piper nigrum, better known as black and white pepper. The dried, wrinkled cubeb berries are similar in appearance to peppercorns, though grayish-brown in color. Their thin stalks, or “tails” that remain attached, give the fruit its nickname of “tailed pepper.” Its flavor is described as a cross between allspice and black pepper.
Dried cubeb berries consist of an essential oil that contains monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. The terpenes contained in the berries of the plant have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Cubeb helps to relieves headaches and dizziness, serves as an aphrodisiac and promotes concentration. Cubeb pepper powder has a stimulating effect when smoked.